However, being in Japan doesn’t mean that you have to do the same things. These characters (yozakura) mean viewing cherry blossom at night. This spring the Cherry Blossom Festival celebrates the 102-year anniversary of the gift of sakura. Sumida tsutsumi hanami no zu (Viewing cherry blossoms along the Sumida River), from the series TÅto meisho (Famous views in the Eastern Capital), between 1848 and 1854. When visiting Japan in spring, please make a point of seeing the cherry blossoms at least once, the sight of them may inspire new understandings of Japanese culture, or of your own beliefs. There are various Asian cherry blossom meanings linked to … My mom packed a special lunch box, hanami bento, full of our favorite foods. Couples go at night to enjoy the special mood created by cherry blossoms. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (039.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj4. Inspector General | Notable American practitioners included Helen Hyde, who studied woodblock carving in Tokyo and made her residence there from 1899 to 1914. The perspective taken in this image is probably from the second-story window of one of the several tofu restaurants at the Massaki Inari Shrine, looking across the Sumida River. Because of its auspicious meaning, the flower frequently appears on decorations, accessories, porcelains, kimonos and obis, as well as Japan's 50 yen coin. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (031.00.01), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj8. However they are more than simply beautiful trees, as the sakura have powerful ties to Japan’s history, culture and identity. Erina Takeda was an intern at the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage working on fundraising research. Even at night, viewing spots are crowded with people enjoying the blossoms in a beautiful, romantic atmosphere. Spring is in the air with the cherry blossom emoji, which depicts a cherry blossom flower in all its notched, light pink, five-petaled beauty.. They're mostly used for kimono, packaging, and other goods and sundries, but not only are they ultra cute -- they also have proper significance! Color woodblock print. We feel like the fully bloomed cherry blossoms are celebrating and welcoming our brand-new start. The springtime bloom is a lavish spectacle but remarkably brief; after only two weeks, they drop to the ground and wither, falling like snow with the ebb and flow of the winds. In Japan, cherry blossoms are called sakura, a special flower for the people and the country. Cherry blossoms are Japan's national flowers. External Link Disclaimer | 夜 (yo) means night, and 桜 (zakura) is the same as sakura. The most well known of these take a single design and create patterns by placing the design systematically on fabric. Process Seihan Printing Co., 1937. Lovely Japanese name that would certainly be appreciated in Europe and the U.S. The fashionable young girl in the foreground is holding what is likely an emperor doll associated with Hinamatsuri (Doll Festival) or Girls' Day Festival, held on March third to celebrate and offer good wishes for girlsâ health and happiness. Hello, This is Mari(@sakura_tips_m), Japanese girl.I’ve lived in three countries and been to more than 20 countries. The woman on the right, also a courtesan, faces the oiran while kneeling with both hands on the red carpet in a gesture of respect to her senior. The specific site shown has been identified as ShÅ«sÅ-in, one of three Buddhist temple gardens collectively known as Hanamidera or Flower-Viewing Temples as well as Jiin Rinsen or Temple Gardens. Nihongo KyÅiku ShinkÅkai (Society for the Promotion of the Japanese Language). Images of the Sumida River, still a famous destination for blossom viewing in Tokyo, were a recurring theme in Edo Period (1600–1868) prints. Spring has arrived! A cherry blossom makes people merry. It is also the symbol of autumn, harvest and goodwill. For centuries, people have flocked to see the flora in full bloom, attending entire festivals dedicated to hanami , or “flower-viewing.” A cherry blossom is a flower of many trees of genus Prunus. In Japan, the sakura fills this role and can be found throughout both the modern and ancient expressions of the country’s culture. The actors shown here have been identified as Fujikawa Tomokichi II (a.k.a. Japanese Collection, Asian Division, Library of Congress (045.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj9. Japanese cherry blossoms, which are known in Japan simply as "sakura," are flowers that come from cherry trees. EmbedVideo(6160, 482, 304); Cherry blossom trees in bloom in Washington, D.C., shot and edited by Cindy Huang. 花 (hana) means “flower,” and 見 (mi), means “to view.” Together, hanami literally means “to view flowers.” 見 is a combination of the characters for “eye” and “human,” evolving from a pictogram of a human figure with two legs and a large eyeball for a head. AndÅ Hiroshige (1797–1858). Edo period (1600–1868) woodblock prints of famous places, called meisho-e, often contained seasonal indicators including an array of flowers and trees associated with particular times of year. Whether in the form of metaphors in political speeches or painted on kamikaze planes, the sakura was everywhere and carried the hopes of a whole nation. All flocked together / Blossoms upon blossoms / Asuka Hill, Kitao Shigemasa (1739–1820). SMART Vocabulary: … Kitao Shigemasaâs eighteenth-century hanami (flower viewing) party scene shows three women and a man at Asukayama Park—opened by Japanese ShÅgun Tokugawa Yoshimune (1684–1751), who had its famous cherry trees planted there in 1720. For example, because they bloom briefly, the blossoms are often seen as a metaphor for the ephemeral beauty of living. 1890s). MukÅjima shunkei (Spring Scene at MukÅjima), from the series Tokyo jÅ«nikagetsu no uchi sangatsu (The Twelve Months of Tokyo, March),1901. The tree joins forces with a nearby Japanese flag as unmistakable visual representations of Japan. Satomiâs 1937 poster for Japanese Government Railways celebrates speed and modernity with an Art Deco style. Now that cherry blossom season is here, you can say: “The season of sakura is coming! Helen Hyde (1868–1919). Seasonal themes were popular with ukiyo-e (literally “pictures of the floating world”) artists of the Edo Period (1600–1868), whose images often reflected the life of the pleasure quarters in Edo, now Tokyo. Utagawa Hirokage was a pupil of renowned painter and printmaker AndÅ Hiroshige. Color woodcut, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (038.01.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj16, About | The classic example of mono no aware is the sadness the Japanese feel for falling sakura petals. This is why Japanese people have special feelings for the cherry blossoms. After Japan expanded several ports to trade and commerce by Western powers in the 1850s, Western appreciation of Japanese art quickly followed. The latterâs popular and comparatively stately presentations of like subject matter provide a comic spark for this envisioning of flower-viewing at Asukayama. Cherry blossoms, also known as sakura in Japan, are the small, delicate pink flowers produced by cherry blossom trees. In addition, the samurai culture of Japan also held great admiration for the flower since samurais (like the cherry blossom) were considered to h… Cherry blossoms are a symbolic flower of the spring, a time of renewal, and the fleeting nature of life. Japanese Collection, Asian Division, Library of Congress (023.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj5. This example from Hiroshigeâs iconic Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji shows the majestic peak from Mount KanÅ with Edo Bay between them. Japanese Collection, Asian Division, Library of Congress (013.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj13. Prints of this type, called kuchi-e, translated as “mouth pictures,” were made as frontispiece illustrations for novels and literary journals. Color woodblock print. Cherry blossom, or sakura as it's known in Japan, is a big part of Japanese culture. Japanese Flowers and Their Meaning; Kawaii Culture – The Origins and Meaning of Cute in Japanese; 10 Famous Buddha Statues in Japan; 10 Best Japanese Sauces; Morning Exercise in Japan; 15 Things to Do in Akita; Your Name: The Details You Might Have Missed in "Kimi no Na Wa" monthly. Artist Yamada ShÅkei studied under Suzuki ShÅnen and helped found the Japan Art Society. Utagawa Hirokage (fl. Sakura is derived from saku 咲, which means to bloom, or alternately to smile/laugh. Cherry blossoms are a symbolic flower of the spring, a time of renewal, and the fleeting nature of life. After Japan expanded several ports to trade and commerce by Western powers in the 1850s, Western appreciation of Japanese art quickly followed. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (038.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj15. Sakura Origin and Meaning The name Sakura is a girl's name of Japanese origin meaning "cherry blossom". The 口 in 咲 … Ume, the first important flower to blossom in the spring, have strong connections to the Asian continent, especially in Chinese poetry and painting, in which they are often portrayed together with the melodious uguisu or bush warbler. The 木 (ki) on the left side means tree/wood and developed from a pictogram of a tree, with the horizontal line as branches and diagonal lines as roots. The small landscape depicted celebrates MukÅjima—situated on the east bank of the Sumida River. This tradition dates back hundreds of years and has a special symbolic meaning. This is the Japanese character for sakura. Yayoi or Sangatsu, Asukayama Hanami (Third Lunar Month, Blossom Viewing at Asuka Hill), from the series JÅ«nikagetsu (Twelve Months), between 1772 and 1776. Traditionally, Japanese tattoos were used to show social status and served as spiritual symbols for protection. In Japan, flowers are used to convey what can't be spoken. Traditional Japanese designs, or Wagara, are a type of pattern peculiar to Japan. AndÅ Hiroshige (1797–1858). The temple is dedicated to the Bodhisattva Kannon, often referred to as the “Goddess of Mercy.”, Utagawa Hiroshige II (1826–1869). Hanami at night is called yozakura. and transient beauty. The emoji is used to celebrate the flower, especially in Japan, and marks other content more generally dealing with spring, flowers, beauty, and the color pink. Cherry trees are known as sakura in Japanese. AndÅ Hiroshige (1797–1858). Today, the cherry blossom, sakura, is recognized internationally as a symbol of Japan. Schools and offices hold welcome parties during hanami, a chance for people to bond and meet new friends. Fujikawa KayÅ« II), Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Arashi Danpachi I, and Kataoka KorokurÅ I. ShunkÅsai HokushÅ« (fl. Such parties continue to be a thriving Japanese pastime—replete with traditional sake and picnic blankets laid out hours in advance at the best sakura viewing spots. It was conceived as the second of four sheets in a multi-panel work—a full impression of which is in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts collection (external link). Comfortably arranged on a ground cover inside a partial enclosure, they are likely enjoying warmed sake. The weeping cherry tree depicted here still stands in Maruyama Park, in the Gion district of Kyoto. In 1912, 3,020 trees were sent from Yokohama to Washington, D.C., as a gift from the people of Japan to the people of the United States. 1810–1832). Flowers have influenced numerous aspects of Japanese culture from kimono to war. The “capital” in this bookâs title refers to Kyoto, the home of Japanâs emperors before the capital city and imperial residence moved to Edo (now Tokyo) after the 1868 Meiji Restoration. The practice was first associated with plum blossoms before becoming almost exclusively linked with cherry blossoms by the Heian Period (794–1185). With her ornamented hairstyle and obi tied in front, the gorgeously-attired woman on the left in this image is recognizable as an oiran or high-ranking courtesan. Hanami literally means “watching blossoms,” and the tradition can be traced back at least a thousand years. In 1872, French collector and printmaker Philippe Burty coined the term Japonisme, which came to describe the work of Western artists influenced by Japanese aesthetics and subject matter. Press | Odake Kunikazu was a student of Utagawa Kunimasa and the oldest of three artist brothers. Cherry Blossoms, 1912. Its blossoms were a popular inspiration for springtime flower appreciation including hanami (flower viewing) parties in early Japanese culture before the primary focus moved to sakura blossoms. Odake Kunikazu (1868–1931). USA.gov, Sakura: Cherry Blossoms in Japanese Cultural History, Sakura: Cherry Blossoms as Living Symbols of Friendship, Art and Documentation: Watercolors of the Original Sakura, A Special Gift to Washington from the City of Tokyo. Color woodblock print. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (030.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj10. I have lovely memories from when I was young, doing hanami with my parents, brother, and sister. In the immediate foreground, a party of women and men reacts as a blind man inadvertently wreaks havoc on their hanami (flower viewing) picnic. Jobs | Massaki atari yori Suijin no mori Uchikawa Sekiya no sato o miru zu (View from Massaki of the Suijin Shrine Woods, Uchikawa Inlet, and Sekiya), from the series Meisho edo hyakkei (One-Hundred Famous Views of Edo), 1857, Color woodblock print in accordion album. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (021.00.00), Bookmark this item: //www.loc.gov/exhibits/cherry-blossoms/cherry-blossoms-in-japanese-cultural-history.html#obj1. For this reason, the hurdles to “becoming a couple” are low, and many people become a couple even before they get to know each other well. Widely celebrated in Japanese literature, poetry, and art, sakura carry layered meanings. This is the Japanese character for sakura. Color woodblock print. AndÅ Hiroshige (1797–1858). The book was used to export knowledge related to Japanese sakura to Japan-occupied countries. As flowers native to Asia, they can also be found in China, South Korea and India, but today they enjoy worldwide blooming. This website is for tips and information about Japan for those who are interested in Japan. Sakura (桜 or さくら) is the Japanese word for cherry blossom trees and their blossoms – a special flower which symbolizes the spring, the beauty of nature, the renewal, and the ephemeral nature of life. In Japan, people don’t think of a couple as a set. AndÅ Hiroshigeâs hanami (flower viewing) scene along the Sumida River is full of lively action, including a man dancing near a musician strumming the shamisen, a three-stringed banjo-like instrument. The tall, slender beauties in Torii Kiyonagaâs image echo its elongated format. 5 A Note from the Japanese Author This example of a Kamigata print (called Kamigata-e for the region including the cities of Osaka and Kyoto) depicts a group of actors who are distracted from viewing sakura blossoms by a small frog. Sakura is derived from saku 咲, which means to bloom, or alternately to smile/laugh. Yamato Hasedera (Hasedera in Yamato Province) from the series Shokoku Meisho Hyakkei (One-Hundred Famous Views of Japan), 1859. One of the imageâs focal points is the single cherry tree that appears to toss in the wake of a train. The cherry blossom aesthetic is one of the most prominent images throughout Japanese culture. The reason for that is the fact that in Japan, tattoos normally are worn by members of the Yakuza, the Japanese mafia. Color woodblock book. Strolling revelers in the middle distance include musicians and samurai who wear blue haori jackets with loose hakama trousers. How to say sakura… People from all over the country (and the world!) We’re lucky to have thousands of cherry trees around the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C. Kazusa KanÅzan (Mount KanÅ in Kazusa Province), from the series Fuji SanjÅ«rokkei (Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji), 1858. (Japanese) cherry tree. Color woodblock album. She is sophomore at the Aichi Shukutoku University in Japan, studying international relations with a focus on culture and sustainability. It describes the meaning, history, and importance of sakura, highlighting famous locations for cherry trees and poems associated with those places. “Gosho,” Miyako meisho gafu, kokon shomeika zuga (“Imperial Palace,” from Album of Famous Places in the Capital, from the Past and Present, a Collection of Famous Artistsâ Paintings), ca. 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