how to cook a turkey

8-12 pounds, 3-1/2 hours to 4 hours. A turkey is fully cooked when the internal temperature reaches 170 degrees. Take off all the wrappings, then wipe it all over (including inside the cavities) with kitchen paper. Roast until the skin is a light golden color, then cover the breast loosely with a foil tent to prevent further browning. Turkey has all the nutritional benefits of chicken but with a slightly lower fat content. Removing the wishbone from a raw turkey makes it easier to carve later, giving you neater slices. https://www.stayathomemum.com.au/recipes/how-to-cook-a-turkey Reared slowly in free-range conditions, they all have densely textured meat that is more flavourful and succulent than indoor-reared types. While it’s the traditional Christmas bird, turkey is good to eat all year round, though it’s only readily available in portions (rather than a whole bird) most of the year. The salt has a chance to work its way into the protein, season it evenly from within and start to break it down, tenderise the meat and allows it to retain its succulence as it roasts. After the turkey is defrosted, remove any giblets, check that there are no ice crystals inside the cavity and pat dry with kitchen paper both outside and in. Older turkey recipes advise basting a turkey regularly to keep the meat moist, but newer recipes suggest cooking the turkey more quickly while using dry brines – leaving the turkey in salt and flavouring overnight. Once they’re cooked, you can coat them in pretty much any sauce you like as well. Allow for five hours per pound, or per 500 g. Quicker method: Cover the turkey with cold water (the sink is a good place for this), and change with fresh cold water every 30 minutes; allow one hour per pound (500 g). Magazine subscription – save 32% and get a three-tier steamer worth £44.99. Basting is not necessary, but helps promote even browning. If using a frozen turkey, thaw in its original plastic wrapper in the fridge. When turkey is done, place on warm platter and cover with aluminum foil to keep warm. How Long to Cook a Turkey per Pound . During the last 45 minutes of baking, remove the foil tent to brown the skin. A: Turkey, or any cooked food, should not be left out for more than 2 hours. This guide to cooking roast beef will help you create a flavorful, moist, and tender roast. Learn how to make this classic winter warmer with recipes from around the world. But more important than the time is the turkey's internal temperature; it needs to reach 165 F to be safe to eat. So you've decided to be in charge of the turkey this year? The same applies to all birds but as they are smaller only a day in advance is needed. (Put a towel beneath the cutting … The turkey will continue to cook and the temperature will rise while it rests. If not, put it back in the oven for another 20 mins, then test again. Using a small, sharp knife, cut through the flesh under the contour of the bone on both sides just deep enough to free it. Turkey Cooking Guide. Make sure the turkey doesn’t touch any other food in the fridge that’s to be eaten raw, or meat that is already cooked. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission. Spatchcocking (aka butterflying): Removing the backbone of the turkey and flattening it out before roasting cooks the turkey faster and more evenly. Related: How to Check the Internal Temperature on a Turkey. Add some stock to replace the turkey juices it would have absorbed in the cavity. dry hand-plucked (as opposed to wet-plucked, by which the turkey is immersed in very hot water to loosen the feathers, which are then mechanically removed) and hung for two weeks, which gives the flesh an enjoyably gamey flavour. seasoning. Breast meat has a greater likelihood of drying out, so place it under the dark meat, and consider covering it with gravy or spritzing with a small amount of turkey stock. NOTE: To avoid spreading bacteria, do not rinse the raw, pre-brined turkey with water. Brine the turkey with the wet or dry brine method. As is the case with all meat, turkey should be bought from a source that you trust – a good supermarket, local butcher, farmers’ market or shop, or a website mail-order company. If you buy a frozen turkey, make sure you allow enough time for it to defrost – it won’t cook properly unless it is thoroughly defrosted at the start of cooking. For a turkey of this weight, the cooking time should be 3½-4 hrs. Whether you bake it in the turkey or on the side, the internal temperature of the dressing should be 165 degrees F to ensure it's fully and safely cooked. Look for the Soil Association sticker if you’d like to buy organic. How Long Does It Take to Cook a Turkey In the Oven? Step 1: Bring out the Turkey. Traceability like that will give you assurance that the turkey has been humanely treated while alive; the higher the standard of welfare by which a turkey was reared, the better the quality of the meat. Smart serving tip: warm your serving platter in the oven for about five minutes before you put the sliced turkey on it. Test Kitchen tip: This is the perfect time to preheat the oven to 425°F. Put fresh turkey in the fridge as soon as you get it home. Known as dry-brining, this technique involves salting your turkey (inside and out) in advance. As a crisp creeps into the morning air and the leaves just start changing hue, we're ready to say goodbye to grilled corn on the cob and turn our attention to fall favorites like apples, pumpkin spice and, of course, Thanksgiving turkey. The thermometer should point towards the body, and should not touch the bone. A turkey roasting bag doesn’t just lock in juice and flavor-it contains the mess for easy clean-up. The latest advice from the British Turkey information service is that, if the turkey is over 4kg, calculate 20 mins per 1kg, plus 90 mins. Roasting a turkey is the easiest cooking method; the oven remains a constant temperature, and it's easy to baste the turkey and check the internal temperature periodically. If a meat thermometer is not used, begin testing for doneness after about 3 hours. Carve the roasted bird and layer the meat in a baking dish. Put the turkey on a tray or plate wide and deep enough to contain any blood or juice that might seep out. 2. For a wet brine, brine the turkey for 12-24 hours then remove the turkey from the brine and drain the turkey well. Expert Tips from the Taste of Home Test Kitchen . Brining: If you have 8 to 24 hours to spare before you put the turkey in the oven, consider using that time to brine the turkey either in a liquid saltwater brine or with a dry rub. Read more about choosing, defrosting and cooking turkey at the British Turkey Information Line or the Food Standards Agency. It will not cook evenly and the frozen part probably will not cook to a done temperature at all. The amount of time needed to cook a whole turkey is dependent on the weight of the bird and whether it will be stuffed or not. Roast beef is a classic main dish for holidays, family get-togethers, and elegant dinners alike. See how to spatchcock a turkey. However, if it’s your first time cooking this bird, don’t worry, because in this article, we’ve broken down the complex process into a few simple steps that will help you understand how to cook a turkey excellently. Seal the baking dish with foil to reduce moisture loss, and heat in a 350 degree F oven for 20 to 30 minutes. Step 2: Season it. For accurate timing, always weigh your turkey after it has been stuffed. Believe it or not, the skin will brown. Tie drumsticks together with string, and brush the skin with melted butter or oil. The phrase ‘farm fresh’ means that birds have been handled traditionally once slaughtered, i.e. Remove the packet of giblets from the cavity of the bird and save them for gravy or stuffing. This is good for health, but does mean that the flesh can be on the dry side. You'll be glad to know that cooking a turkey is surprisingly easy. But there are other methods that provide a different experience: A: Never partially roast a turkey the day before to save on cooking time the next day. A meat thermometer is always recommended. Increase the oven temperature to 200°C, gas mark 6 when you remove the foil and turn the turkey … What oven temperature to cook a turkey: Place the bird on a rack in a roasting pan, and into a preheated 350 degree F (175 degrees C) oven (or follow recipe instructions). The turkey needs to "rest" for 20 to 30 minutes, and then you can carve your turkey. Before serving your turkey, check that the meat is steaming hot throughout, there is no pink meat visible and when you cut into the thickest part of the meat, the juices run clear. Next, rinse the bird inside and out (optional) and pat dry with paper towels. You can use that resting time to warm up your Thanksgiving side dishes and make the gravy. We will talk you through brining, stuffing, trussing and roasting, along with extra turkey tips to help you through the holiday. Place turkey, breast side up, on top of the vegetables in the roasting pan. Insert a meat thermometer into the thickest part of the thigh. Roasting a turkey doesn’t have to be an intimidating task if you have a good game plan. Turkeys that have been frozen for a long time, have been sitting out in the display for a while, or have been treated with preservatives won't taste as good or cook as well as fresh, untreated turkeys. The BEST Thanksgiving Turkey recipe that packs all of the flavor and juiciness you expect from the perfect Thanksgiving turkey, with none of the stress! Before it goes in the oven, the turkey should be at room temperature, so take it out of the fridge (1 hr for a whole turkey, or 30 mins for a cut) before cooking. In a cool room, which absolutely must stay below 17.5C, allow 3-4 hrs per kg. TRUST ME!! https://www.allrecipes.com/article/turkey-cooking-time-guide Plus a step by step tutorial for how to cook the perfect turkey. If the bird is under 4kg, calculate 20 mins per 1kg, plus 70 mins. Turkey mince is also available – it’s very low in fat and you can use it as you would any mince. Read more about turkey farming at Red Tractor. The small change of simply seasoning your turkey up to 2 days in advance makes a massive difference and actually cuts down on the amount of salt you need. Find more whole turkey basics here. Smear the butter all over the turkey and season with salt and pepper. Even with just a little bit of prep, you'll get great results you can be proud of. Organic turkey is the most expensive, as the most stringent farming standards will have been adhered to at all stages of the animal’s life, including being allowed to roam outside during the day and being fed a mainly organic diet. Place the turkey on the rack in a roasting pan, pat dry, and truss the legs of the turkey … See how to stuff a turkey. Free-range turkeys should have had some access to the open air and are usually cheaper than organic. Cook the turkey for the calculated cooking time but remove the foil for the last 45 minutes. Ease it out, cutting it free at the tips. Don’t cover the turkey too tightly if you want the skin to stay crisp, but keep it warm. See turkey cooking chart in post above. Learning how to cook a turkey may seem like a daunting task for beginners. Using a 325 F oven, calculate 15 to 20 minutes per pound, adding 30 minutes to the total time if the turkey is stuffed. Completely thawing your turkey is probably the most crucial part of cooking your turkey. See more about refrigerating, freezing, and reheating Thanksgiving leftovers. By seasoning in advance, the whole bird is evenly seasoned and you don’t have to heavily season just before roasting. Slash the skin a couple of times to help the marinade penetrate deeply and keep covered in a glass or ceramic dish in the fridge. The general rule is 15 to 20 minutes per pound of turkey when cooking an unstuffed turkey. Not to mention the pressure of serving a perfectly cooked bird to your entire family! Battery (or ‘factory’) reared turkeys are the most commonly available kind. Use our guide to learn how to cook a turkey to feed a crowd, including brining and carving. https://www.realsimple.com/.../seasonal/how-long-to-cook-a-turkey A bone-in turkey breast takes about 20 minutes per pound to cook at 350 degrees F. (175 degrees C). You might also want to know how long to cook a stuffed turkey. Cover the dish with aluminum foil and bake at 400 degrees F for 30 minutes. See how to brine a turkey. You'll be glad to know that cooking a turkey is actually very easy. But sometimes the classic way is the best. Cooking turkey in a bag sounds strange, but its benefits are legendary. You've come to the right place for advice. Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team. To test if it’s done, make sure the juices run clear when you pierce the thigh where it meets the body. Keep it covered in a cool place. Put in a roasting tin, breast-side up, and roast for 40 mins per 1kg for the first 4kg, then 45 mins for every 1kg over that weight, or until the internal temperature reaches 65-70C. Good breeds to look out for include Norfolk Black, Kelly Bronze and Cambridge Bronze. Heat the oven to 180C/160C fan/gas 4. If you cook a half-frozen turkey in the oven, you will have a nightmare in the kitchen. Whole birds and pieces of turkey will keep in the fridge for up to two days. Cooking a turkey is a bit tricky. Be sure to allow at least 30 minutes between the time you take the turkey out of the oven and when you serve it. Traditional turkey recipes usually result in overcooked, dry breast meat while you wait for the legs and thighs to come to 170°F. The turkey is the centerpiece of the Thanksgiving meal, and there are plenty of techniques for cooking one, from frying to spatchcocking to roasting upside down and turning halfway. If the turkey … Tie drumsticks t… Get all the tips you need to cook a turkey, from prepping and basting to roasting and carving. Also, watch and learn how to carve a turkey in our video. Not only is this roasted turkey … If your turkey has been stuffed, it is important to check the temperature of the stuffing as well. Whole birds should be roasted. Any longer than that, and bacteria will start to develop, leading to food-borne illness. Step 1: Thaw it. Turkey is available all year round, but whole birds are at their best in December. 18-22 pounds, 4-1/2 hours to 5 hours. Remove the turkey from the fridge and let it sit at room temperature for about 30 minutes. Even with just a little bit of prep, you'll get great results you can be proud of. This creates the perfect environment for bacterial growth. https://www.bhg.com/.../handling-meat/how-long-to-cook-a-stuffed-turkey © Copyright 2020, Our Top 20 Most Cherished Christmas Cookies, Make-Ahead Breakfast Minis to Save Your Mornings, 15 Classic Sandwiches That Make Lunch Legendary, 14 Nights of Dinner Ideas All Under $2 Per Serving, 15 No-Yeast Breads for Quick and Easy Baking, 10 Easy Christmas Cookies for Once-a-Year Bakers, 10 Chicken Stew Recipes That Make for Comforting Dinners, 10 Leftover Turkey Meals to Freeze for Quick Weeknight Dinners, 16 Mom-Approved Christmas Cookies to Sweeten the Season, 18 Spicy Korean Recipes That Showcase Gochujang Chile Paste, How to Check the Internal Temperature on a Turkey, refrigerating, freezing, and reheating Thanksgiving leftovers, Remove the packet of giblets from the cavity of the bird and save them for. Or, you can use the drippings for gravy! If desired, certain cuts of fresh or defrosted turkey can be marinated (for a minimum of 4 hrs) before cooking to add flavour and moisture and to tenderise it a little further. Pat the turkey dry with a paper towel and place on a cutting board. You've put in too much work to serve cold turkey! Once a frozen turkey has defrosted (see ‘prepare’ above), store it in the fridge straightaway, as above, unless you are going to cook it immediately. Now that’s something to be thankful for. The turkey is done when the meat reaches an internal temperature of 165 degrees F (75 degrees C) at the thigh. If it’s very large, you may need to use bathroom scales. After the final 40 minutes, remove the turkey from the oven. … what turkey size to buy and thawing times. How to roast a turkey. Smear the butter all over the turkey and season with salt and pepper. Here's how to prepare the turkey for roasting in the oven: 1. How Long Should I Cook My Turkey? Roasting a turkey is actually quite easy, as long as you follow the cooking time guide and don’t overcook the bird. 1 free-range turkey (5kg will feed eight people). A turkey is an item that's worth splurging on if you can. Let stand about 15 minutes for easiest carving. The Freedom Food label can also be used by producers that meet the RSPCA’s welfare standards. Instead, you can cook the stuffing on the side in a casserole dish. Credit: Take off all the wrappings, put on a tray or plate wide and deep enough to contain any blood or juice that might seep out, cover loosely with foil and leave in the fridge or in a cool room. You must give yourself adequate time for thawing out your turkey. No one wants that. However, you can fully roast a turkey the day before and heat it for Thanksgiving dinner: A: You should never stuff a bird hours before roasting, as the cavity can provide an environment for bacteria to grow. Meredith. Avoid those that have been unevenly plucked. No gift befits the food-obsessed people in your life like a cookbook. Brining: This optional step makes for a more tender and juicy turkey… Simmer for 40 mins, then strain for the perfect stock to use for deglazing your turkey roasting tin – it will help make a really rich gravy. Discover how to brine a turkey, a key facet of our crown & confit recipe, to keep the meat succulent and full of flavour. Allrecipes is part of the Meredith Food Group. Read our guide on how to defrost a turkey to discover all our tips, tricks and safety advice. Next, let's talk about how to cook that bird. Cover loosely with foil. The stuffing should also be 165 degrees F. See our review on the best thermometer. This method draws moisture out, then the turkey reabsorbs it, which seasons the meat and dries out the skin for a crisp finish in the oven. Of those five sources, the last four are perhaps more likely to be able to tell you the most about the turkey, such as where it came from and how it was reared. Turkey is done when thermometer reads 165°F and drumsticks move easily when lifted or twisted. When cooking stuffing in a turkey, it is always best to prepare it just before filling and roasting the bird. Pick out a good quality turkey. Remove the turkey from the oven and rest in a warm place for 30-45 mins – don’t skip this step as the juices won’t be reabsorbed back into the turkey and will run out if you carve it straightaway.

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